Why Music Rolls Need To Be Archived

What follows are some typical examples of music rolls that have passed through my hands for archiving.
They represent a good example of capturing the content of these rolls just in the nick of time.

Unrepairable damage.

Typical roll end damage.

Typical roll end damage.

Typical roll end damage.

This is what happens if I unwind the roll onto the flat without first making minimal repairs
while the damage is still on the core. The roll literally exploded as it unwound.

Typical damage.

Typical damage.

Very typical damage, difficult to repair. Paper is incredibly brittle and fragile.
Very easy to inflict additional damage while trying to repair it.

This is a typical damage as a result of storing the roll in a damp location for a long period time.
Almost unplayable, and very close to being unscanable.

This an unrepairable roll. About 3 feet of paper is completely missing.

Here is severe leader damage. How much of the beginning of the roll is missing is unknown.

This is severe roll-end damage perilously close to being unrepairable.

This is a very good example of roll-end damage that was "repaired" with cellulose tape.
Its adhesive migrated through the paper breaks and glued together the 2 layers of paper,
making it impossible to play through to the real end of the music.

This is what a century old trailer often looks like after replacing it with a new trailer.

At some unknown time in antiquity, somebody repaired roll-end damage with cellulose tape.
It has a built-in time bomb. After 'leventy-7 years, the adhesive migrates out around
the edges of the tape, glueing that layer to the layer above. Any attempt to play the roll
would have resulted in the roll tearing off the core before it finished playing, making rewind extremely difficult.

Typical roll end damage.

Here we see that somebody back in antiquity suffered roll-end damage, and chose to simply cut it off
rather than repair it. The ending notes were also taped over to prevent them from playing, but unfortunately,
the adhesive in the perforations adhered to the next layer of paper, making it impossible to play the whole roll.
How much of a trailer that was tossed is not known.

Here's what can happen when rolls are stored on-end in a cardboard box sitting on a damp basement floor.

Here you see a severely rusted metal spool end. The roll must be unspooled so that the rust can be sanded off.

Here you see the water damage to the roll, half of it.
The roll within has similar damage through entire length, but only the water damaged half of the roll.

Here you see mold and rust inside the box. Very bad, worst case damage.

Here you see a good example of water damage, basically somewhat similar through the length of the roll.
The effect of the damage is to make the roll thick and spongy on one side, but tight and snug on the other side.
Makes it extremely difficult to scan. Rolls want to wander as the take-up spool ends up with a very loose spongy pack.

What follows is a group of Wurlitzer 125 band organ rolls I am currently trying to scan. All in poor condition.
All have an incomplete tune 1 as can be seen in the pics.

In this example, the roll's core is so badly distorted that it will force transfer to another core just to scan it.

Here's an example of severe damage somewhere within the roll, likely not repairable.
Some of thunes on the roll are likely salvageable.

Almost all these rolls had been repaired back in antiquity quick and dirty with cellulose tape right over the perfs. The tape falls off now,
but leaves behind the adhesive, makes a real mess to try to clean up.

Here's an example of severe damage somewhere within the roll, likely not repairable.
Some of thunes on the roll are likely salvageable.

This is a quick and dirty carrier I built out of player piano spool box parts, as a modification to my 88n roll repair rig,
to facilitate inspecting these W125 rolls, and making repairs


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